Use a Jupyter notebook for Kedro project experiments

This page explains how to use a Jupyter notebook to explore elements of a Kedro project. It shows how to use kedro jupyter notebook to set up a notebook that has access to the catalog, context, pipelines and session variables of the Kedro project so you can query them.

This page also explains how to use line magic to display a Kedro-Viz visualisation of your pipeline directly in your notebook.

Example project

The example adds a notebook to experiment with the retired pandas-iris starter. As an alternative, you can follow the example using a different starter, such as spaceflights-pandas or just add a notebook to your own project.

We will assume the example project is called iris, but you can call it whatever you choose.

Navigate to the project directory (cd iris) and issue the following command in the terminal to launch Jupyter:

kedro jupyter notebook

You’ll be asked if you want to opt into usage analytics on the first run of your new project. Once you’ve answered the question with y or n, your browser window will open with a Jupyter page that lists the folders in your project:

The initial view in your browser

You can now create a new Jupyter notebook using the New dropdown and selecting the Kedro (iris) kernel:

Create a new Jupyter notebook with Kedro (iris) kernel

This opens a new browser tab to display the empty notebook:

Your new Jupyter notebook with Kedro (iris) kernel

We recommend that you save your notebook in the notebooks folder of your Kedro project.

What does kedro jupyter notebook do?

The kedro jupyter notebook command launches a notebook with a kernel that is slightly customised but almost identical to the default IPython kernel.

This custom kernel automatically makes the following Kedro variables available:

  • catalog (type DataCatalog): Data Catalog instance that contains all defined datasets; this is a shortcut for context.catalog

  • context (type KedroContext): Kedro project context that provides access to Kedro’s library components

  • pipelines (type Dict[str, Pipeline]): Pipelines defined in your pipeline registry

  • session (type KedroSession): Kedro session that orchestrates a pipeline run


If the Kedro variables are not available within your Jupyter notebook, you could have a malformed configuration file or missing dependencies. The full error message is shown on the terminal used to launch kedro jupyter notebook.

How to explore a Kedro project in a notebook

Here are some examples of how to work with the Kedro variables. To explore the full range of attributes and methods available, see the relevant API documentation or use the Python dir function, for example dir(catalog).

%run_viz line magic


If you have not yet installed Kedro-Viz for the project, run pip install kedro-viz in your terminal from within the project directory.

You can display an interactive visualisation of your pipeline directly in your notebook using the run-viz line magic from within a cell:


View your project's Kedro Viz inside a notebook


catalog can be used to explore your project’s Data Catalog using methods such as catalog.list, catalog.load and

For example, add the following to a cell in your notebook to run catalog.list:


When you run the cell:


Next try the following for catalog.load:


The output:

INFO     Loading data from 'example_iris_data' (CSVDataset)...

     sepal_length  sepal_width  petal_length  petal_width    species
0             5.1          3.5           1.4          0.2     setosa
1             4.9          3.0           1.4          0.2     setosa
2             4.7          3.2           1.3          0.2     setosa
3             4.6          3.1           1.5          0.2     setosa
4             5.0          3.6           1.4          0.2     setosa
..            ...          ...           ...          ...        ...
145           6.7          3.0           5.2          2.3  virginica
146           6.3          2.5           5.0          1.9  virginica
147           6.5          3.0           5.2          2.0  virginica
148           6.2          3.4           5.4          2.3  virginica
149           5.9          3.0           5.1          1.8  virginica

Now try the following:


You should see this:

INFO     Loading data from 'parameters' (MemoryDataset)...

{'example_test_data_ratio': 0.2,
 'example_num_train_iter': 10000,
 'example_learning_rate': 0.01}


If you enable versioning you can load a particular version of a dataset, e.g. catalog.load("example_train_x", version="2021-12-13T15.08.09.255Z").


context enables you to access Kedro’s library components and project metadata. For example, if you add the following to a cell and run it:


You should see output like this, according to your username and path:


You can find out more about the context in the API documentation.


pipelines is a dictionary containing your project’s registered pipelines:


The output will be a listing as follows:

{'__default__': Pipeline([
Node(split_data, ['example_iris_data', 'parameters'], ['X_train', 'X_test', 'y_train', 'y_test'], 'split'),
Node(make_predictions, ['X_train', 'X_test', 'y_train'], 'y_pred', 'make_predictions'),
Node(report_accuracy, ['y_pred', 'y_test'], None, 'report_accuracy')

You can use this to explore your pipelines and the nodes they contain:


Should give the output:

{'y_pred', 'X_test', 'y_train', 'X_train', 'y_test'}

session allows you to run a pipeline. With no arguments, this will run your __default__ project pipeline sequentially, much as a call to kedro run from the terminal:

You can also specify the following optional arguments for

Argument name

Accepted types




Construct the pipeline using nodes which have this tag attached. A node is included in the resulting pipeline if it contains any of those tags



An instance of Kedro AbstractRunner. Can be an instance of a ParallelRunner



Run nodes with specified names



A list of node names which should be used as a starting point



A list of node names which should be used as an end point



A list of dataset names which should be used as a starting point



A list of dataset names which should be used as an end point


Dict[str, str]

A mapping of a dataset name to a specific dataset version (timestamp) for loading. Applies to versioned datasets


| pipeline_name | str | Name of the modular pipeline to run. Must be one of those returned by the register_pipelines function in src/<package_name>/ |

You can execute one successful run per session, as there’s a one-to-one mapping between a session and a run. If you wish to do more than one run, you’ll have to run %reload_kedro line magic to get a new session.

%reload_kedro line magic

You can use %reload_kedro line magic within your Jupyter notebook to reload the Kedro variables (for example, if you need to update catalog following changes to your Data Catalog).

You don’t need to restart the kernel for the catalog, context, pipelines and session variables.

%reload_kedro accepts optional keyword arguments env and params. For example, to use configuration environment prod:

%reload_kedro --env=prod

For more details, run %reload_kedro?.

How to use tags to convert functions from Jupyter notebooks into Kedro nodes

You can use the notebook to write experimental code for your Kedro project. If you later want to convert functions you’ve written to Kedro nodes, you can do this using node tags to export them to a Python file. Say you have the following code in your notebook:

def some_action():
    print("This function came from `notebooks/my_notebook.ipynb`")
  1. Enable tags toolbar: View menu -> Cell Toolbar -> Tags Enable the tags toolbar graphic

  2. Add the node tag to the cell containing your function Add the node tag graphic

  3. Save your Jupyter notebook to notebooks/my_notebook.ipynb

  4. From your terminal, run kedro jupyter convert notebooks/my_notebook.ipynb from the Kedro project directory. The output is a Python file src/<package_name>/nodes/ containing the some_action function definition

  5. The some_action function can now be used in your Kedro pipelines

Useful to know (for advanced users)

Each Kedro project has its own Jupyter kernel so you can switch between Kedro projects from a single Jupyter instance by selecting the appropriate kernel.

If a Jupyter kernel with the name kedro_<package_name> already exists then it is replaced. This ensures that the kernel always points to the correct Python executable. For example, if you change conda environment in a Kedro project then you should re-run kedro jupyter notebook to replace the kernel specification with one that points to the new environment.

You can use the jupyter kernelspec set of commands to manage your Jupyter kernels. For example, to remove a kernel, run jupyter kernelspec remove <kernel_name>.

Managed services

If you work within a managed Jupyter service such as a Databricks notebook you may be unable to execute kedro jupyter notebook. You can explicitly load the Kedro IPython extension with the %load_ext line magic:

In [1]: %load_ext kedro.ipython

If you launch your Jupyter instance from outside your Kedro project, you will need to run a second line magic to set the project path so that Kedro can load the catalog, context, pipelines and session variables:

In [2]: %reload_kedro <project_root>

The Kedro IPython extension remembers the project path so that future calls to %reload_kedro do not need to specify it:

In [1]: %load_ext kedro.ipython
In [2]: %reload_kedro <project_root>
In [3]: %reload_kedro

IPython, JupyterLab and other Jupyter clients

You can also connect an IPython shell to a Kedro project kernel as follows:

kedro ipython

The command launches an IPython shell with the extension already loaded and is the same command as ipython --ext kedro.ipython. You first saw this in action in the spaceflights tutorial.

Similarly, the following creates a custom Jupyter kernel that automatically loads the extension and launches JupyterLab with this kernel selected:

kedro jupyter lab

You can use any other Jupyter client to connect to a Kedro project kernel such as the Qt Console, which can be launched using the kedro_iris kernel as follows:

jupyter qtconsole --kernel=kedro_iris

This will automatically load the Kedro IPython in a console that supports graphical features such as embedded figures: Plot of example iris data in a Qt Console