Introduction to Hooks


A Hook consists of a Hook specification, and Hook implementation.

Hook specifications

Kedro defines Hook specifications for particular execution points where users can inject additional behaviour. Currently, the following Hook specifications are provided in kedro.framework.hooks:

  • after_context_created

  • after_catalog_created

  • before_pipeline_run

  • before_dataset_loaded

  • after_dataset_loaded

  • before_node_run

  • after_node_run

  • before_dataset_saved

  • after_dataset_saved

  • after_pipeline_run

  • on_node_error

  • on_pipeline_error

The naming convention for non-error Hooks is <before/after>_<noun>_<past_participle>, in which:

  • <before/after> and <past_participle> refers to when the Hook executed, e.g. before <something> was run or after <something> was created.

  • <noun> refers to the relevant component in the Kedro execution timeline for which this Hook adds extra behaviour, e.g. catalog, node and pipeline.

The naming convention for error hooks is on_<noun>_error, in which:

  • <noun> refers to the relevant component in the Kedro execution timeline that throws the error.

kedro.framework.hooks lists the full specifications for which you can inject additional behaviours by providing an implementation.

This diagram illustrates the execution order of hooks during kedro run: kedro run hook execution order

CLI Hooks

Kedro defines a small set of CLI hooks that inject additional behaviour around execution of a Kedro CLI command:

  • before_command_run

  • after_command_run

This is what the kedro-telemetry plugin relies on under the hood in order to be able to collect CLI usage statistics.

Hook implementation

To add Hooks to your Kedro project, you must:

  • Create or modify the file src/<package_name>/ to define a Hook implementation for the particular Hook specification that describes the point at which you want to inject additional behaviour

  • Register that Hook implementation in the src/<package_name>/ file under the HOOKS key

Define the Hook implementation

The Hook implementation should have the same name as the specification. The Hook must provide a concrete implementation with a subset of the corresponding specification’s parameters (you do not need to use them all).

To declare a Hook implementation, use the @hook_impl decorator.

For example, the full signature of the after_data_catalog_created Hook specification is:

def after_catalog_created(
    catalog: DataCatalog,
    conf_catalog: Dict[str, Any],
    conf_creds: Dict[str, Any],
    save_version: str,
    load_versions: Dict[str, str],
) -> None:

However, if you just want to use this Hook to list the contents of a data catalog after it is created, your Hook implementation can be as simple as:

# src/<package_name>/
import logging

from kedro.framework.hooks import hook_impl
from import DataCatalog

class DataCatalogHooks:
    def _logger(self):
        return logging.getLogger(__name__)

    def after_catalog_created(self, catalog: DataCatalog) -> None:


The name of a module that contains Hooks implementation is arbitrary and is not restricted to

We recommend that you group related Hook implementations under a namespace, preferably a class, within a file that you create in your project.

Registering the Hook implementation with Kedro

Hook implementations should be registered with Kedro using the src/<package_name>/ file under the HOOKS key.

You can register more than one implementation for the same specification. They will be called in LIFO (last-in, first-out) order.

The following example sets up a Hook so that the after_data_catalog_created implementation is called, every time, after a data catalog is created.

# src/<package_name>/
from <package_name>.hooks import ProjectHooks, DataCatalogHooks

HOOKS = (ProjectHooks(), DataCatalogHooks())

Kedro also has auto-discovery enabled by default. This means that any installed plugins that declare a Hooks entry-point will be registered. To learn more about how to enable this for your custom plugin, see our plugin development guide.


Auto-discovered Hooks will run first, followed by the ones specified in

Auto-registered Hook with plugin

You can auto-register a Hook (pip-installable) by creating a Kedro plugin. Kedro provides kedro.hooks entrypoints to extend this easily.

Disable auto-registered plugins’ Hooks

Auto-registered plugins’ Hooks can be disabled via as follows:

# src/<package_name>/

DISABLE_HOOKS_FOR_PLUGINS = ("<plugin_name>",)

where <plugin_name> is the name of an installed plugin for which the auto-registered Hooks must be disabled.

Hook execution order

Hooks follow a Last-In-First-Out (LIFO) order, which means the first registered Hook will be executed last.

Hooks are registered in the following order:

  1. Project Hooks in - If you have HOOKS = (hook_a, hook_b,), hook_b will be executed before hook_a

  2. Plugin Hooks registered in kedro.hooks, which follows alphabetical order

In general, Hook execution order is not guaranteed and you should not rely on it. If you need to make sure a particular Hook is executed first or last, you can use the tryfirst or trylast argument for hook_impl.

Under the hood

Under the hood, we use pytest’s pluggy to implement Kedro’s Hook mechanism. We recommend reading their documentation to find out more about the underlying implementation.

Plugin Hooks

Plugin Hooks are registered using importlib_metadata’s EntryPoints API.