Kedro plugins

Kedro plugins allow you to create new features for Kedro and inject additional commands into the CLI. Plugins are developed as separate Python packages that exist outside of any Kedro project.

Overview

Kedro’s extension mechanism is built on pluggy, a solid plugin management library that was created for the pytest ecosystem. pluggy relies on entry points, a Python mechanism for packages to provide components that can be discovered by other packages using importlib.metadata.

Example of a simple plugin

Here is a simple example of a plugin that prints the pipeline as JSON:

kedrojson/plugin.py

import click
from kedro.framework.project import pipelines


@click.group(name="JSON")
def commands():
    pass


@commands.command()
@click.pass_obj
def to_json(metadata):
    """Display the pipeline in JSON format"""
    pipeline = pipelines["__default__"]
    print(pipeline.to_json())

From version 0.18.14, Kedro replaced setup.py with pyproject.toml. The plugin needs to provide entry points in either file. If you are using setup.py, please refer to the 0.18.13 version of documentations.

To add the entry point to pyproject.toml, the plugin needs to provide the following entry_points configuration:

[project.entry-points."kedro.project_commands"]
kedrojson = "kedrojson.plugin:commands"

Once the plugin is installed, you can run it as follows:

kedro to_json

Working with click

Commands must be provided as click Groups

The click Group will be merged into the main CLI Group. In the process, the options on the group are lost, as is any processing that was done as part of its callback function.

Project context

When they run, plugins may request information about the current project by creating a session and loading its context:

from pathlib import Path

from kedro.framework.startup import _get_project_metadata
from kedro.framework.session import KedroSession


project_path = Path.cwd()
session = KedroSession.create(project_path=project_path)
context = session.load_context()

Initialisation

If the plugin initialisation needs to occur prior to Kedro starting, it can declare the entry_point key kedro.init. This entry point must refer to a function that currently has no arguments, but for future proofing you should declare it with **kwargs.

global and project commands

Plugins may also add commands to the Kedro CLI, which supports two types of commands:

  • global - available both inside and outside a Kedro project. Global commands use the entry_point key kedro.global_commands.

  • project - available only when a Kedro project is detected in the current directory. Project commands use the entry_point key kedro.project_commands.

Suggested command convention

We use the following command convention: kedro <plugin-name> <command>, with kedro <plugin-name> acting as a top-level command group. This is our suggested way of structuring your plugin bit it is not necessary for your plugin to work.

Hooks

You can develop hook implementations and have them automatically registered to the project context when the plugin is installed.

To enable this for your custom plugin, simply add the following entry in pyproject.toml

To use pyproject.toml, specify

[project.entry-points."kedro.hooks"]
plugin_name = "plugin_name.plugin:hooks"

where plugin.py is the module where you declare hook implementations:

import logging

from kedro.framework.hooks import hook_impl


class MyHooks:
    @hook_impl
    def after_catalog_created(self, catalog):
        logging.info("Reached after_catalog_created hook")


hooks = MyHooks()

Note

hooks should be an instance of the class defining the Hooks.

CLI Hooks

You can also develop Hook implementations to extend Kedro’s CLI behaviour in your plugin. To find available CLI Hooks, please visit our hooks API documentation. To register CLI Hooks developed in your plugin with Kedro, add the following entry in your project’s pyproject.toml:

[project.entry-points."kedro.cli_hooks"]
plugin_name = "plugin_name.plugin:cli_hooks"

(where plugin.py is the module where you declare Hook implementations):

import logging

from kedro.framework.cli.hooks import cli_hook_impl


class MyCLIHooks:
    @cli_hook_impl
    def before_command_run(self, project_metadata, command_args):
        logging.info(
            "Command %s will be run for project %s", command_args, project_metadata
        )


cli_hooks = MyCLIHooks()

Contributing process

When you are ready to submit your code:

  1. Create a separate repository using our naming convention for plugins (kedro-<plugin-name>)

  2. Choose a command approach: global and / or project commands:

    • All global commands should be provided as a single click group

    • All project commands should be provided as another click group

    • The click groups are declared through the entry points mechanism

  3. Include a README.md describing your plugin’s functionality and all dependencies that should be included

  4. Use GitHub tagging to tag your plugin as a kedro-plugin so that we can find it

Supported Kedro plugins

  • Kedro-Datasets, a collection of all of Kedro’s data connectors. These data connectors are implementations of the AbstractDataset

  • Kedro-Docker, a tool for packaging and shipping Kedro projects within containers

  • Kedro-Airflow, a tool for converting your Kedro project into an Airflow project

  • Kedro-Viz, a tool for visualising your Kedro pipelines

Community-developed plugins

There are many community-developed plugins available and a comprehensive list of plugins is published on the awesome-kedro GitHub repository. The list below is a small snapshot of some of those under active maintenance.

Note

Your plugin needs to have an Apache 2.0 compatible license to be considered for this list.